Our one Covenant Lord displays the glory of the Trinity in the precious doctrine of justification: for this is the act of the Father, procured through the merits of the Son and is made known by the sealing of the Holy Spirit in the redeemed sinner's heart.
Justification is a law term, being a legal and authoritative declaration of the Judge that the sinner is made righteous and free from all guilt. If God thus justify who can condemn?
The ground of justification is the blood and righteousness of the Lord Jesus. His blood cleanses the sinner, removing all stain; and His righteousness is imputed, clothing the cleansed sinner and rendering him acceptable, seeing he is thus made perfect in Christ.
The nature of justification. It consists in two things. Pardon and acceptance. Pardon by the cleansing blood and acceptance by the imputed righteousness.
The process of justification is instructive, because in Jesus the law is magnified and made honorable. The judge is God. (Is. 50:7-8; Rom. 8:33) The tribunal is the throne. (Heb. 4:12; Is. 30:18) The accusers are the law, (John 5:45) conscience (Rom. 2:15) and Satan. (Zech. 3:2) The Advocate is the Lord Jesus Christ. The charge is one that cannot be evaded; the sinner is guilty on all counts. He therefore puts in the plea of guilty, his mouth being entirely stopped. (Col. 2:14) He can offer no reason in himself why he should not be condemned, but pleads the atonement. But in response to the intercession of the Advocate he renounces all other defense. The sentence is one of acquittal. He is cleared from the guilt of sin and from the penal consequences of sin.